List of ways to Protect your Computer/Laptop from hackers viruses and all malware
Secure PC from hackers: So you have just bought a new personal computer (pc) or a Laptop for your home rather than for a workplace or as a server. So Is your computer infected with virus? Do you often get mysterious error messages? Well this is a common problem faced by almost all the computer users across the globe. There are many viruses and worms out there that could infect your computer. Some are harmless, but they do have the capacity to do any number of nasty things, up to and including, erasing all data from your computer. Privacy is also a part of security but broad enough to need covering separately to protect your computer from hackers viruses and all malware. Think of Privacy and Viruses as the flipside of the coin. Making backups of data, defragement, system restore points are only indirectly related. However there are many ways protect your computer from hackers and viruses. Here are the 10 tips to maintain a virus free computer and protect your computer from hackers viruses and all malware
Do You Know?
Internet is the main source of all the malicious programs including viruses, worms, trojans etc. In fact Internet contributes to virus infection by up to 80%.
This Guide assumes you wish to use a network (such as the internet), share files on pendrive or USB and that your PC/Computer/Laptop might be physically accessible to others. If none of those apply, then your many of these steps may be redundant as your PC will already be quite secure and been protect your computer from hackers and viruses:
Secure pc from hackers- List of Best ways to protect your computer from hackers viruses and all malware-
#1 Choose an operating system based on its security and vulnerability
Linux has no known active viruses in the wild, OpenBSD is focused on security. Find out if it uses limited user accounts, file permissions and is regularly updated. Make sure you update your operating system with security updates and update your other software too, to Secure pc from hackers. In my opinion LINUX is best suited operating system if you want to protect your computer from hackers viruses and all malware.
Set up your Windows Update to automatically download patches and upgrades. This will allow your computer to automatically download any updates to both the operating system and Internet Explorer. These updates fix security holes in both pieces of software.
#2 Always choose a Trusted Web browser based on its security and vulnerabilities because most malware will come through via your web browser.
Disable scripts too (NoScript, Privoxy and Proxomitron can do this). Look at what independent computer security analysts (such as US-CERT) and crackers (similar to hackers) say. Google Chrome is more secure and has a sandbox feature so it would be more difficult to compromise the system and spread the infection and for Mac Safari is best suited to prevent hackers from getting into your computer.
Most of us use search engines like Google in Chrome to find what we are looking for. It is quite obvious for a malicious website to get listed in the search results. So to avoid visiting those untrusted malicious websites, you can download and install the AVG LinkScanner which is a freeware. This tool can become very handy and will help you to stay away from malicious websites.
#3 When setting up, use strong passwords in your user account, router account etc.
Hackers may use dictionary attacks and brute force attacks. Learn more about passwords-7 Things You Should Know About Online Passwords
#4 Use trusted sources:
While you download files from untrusted websites/sources such as torrents, warez etc make sure that you run a virus scan before executing them. When downloading software (including antivirus software), get it from a trusted source (softpedia, download, snapfiles, tucows, fileplanet, betanews, sourceforge) or your repository if you are using Linux. This step will help you to protect your computer from hackers and viruses.
#5 Install good antivirus software:
Secure pc from hackers using Antivirus software- It is designed to deal with modern malware including viruses, trojans, keyloggers, rootkits, and worms. Install a good antivirus software and keep it updated to secure pc from hackers. Also perform full system scan periodically. It is highly recommended that you turn on the automatic update feature. This is the most essential task to protect your PC from virues. If PC security is your first option then it is recommended that you go for a shareware antivirus software over the free ones. Most of the antivirus supports the Auto-Protect feature that provides realtime security for your PC. Make sure that this feature is turned on.
#6 Download and install software to deal with spyware such as Spybot Search and Destroy, Hijack This or Ad-aware and scan regularly
I can’t state this enough – you need to run a good anti spyware and anti malware program like Spybot if you search the web at all. Many websites out there exploit weaknesses and holes in the security of Microsoft Explorer and will place malicious code on your computer without you knowing about it until its too late. Install a good Antispyware program, that operates against Internet malware and spyware.
Also Read: What must be followed before Buying Spyware
#7 Download and install a firewall.
Secure pc from hackers either by using ZoneAlarm or Comodo Firewall (Kerio, WinRoute or Linux comes with iptables).This is one of the best and simplest ways to keep hackers out of your computer is to use a firewall. If you use a router, this gives an added layer of security by acting as a hardware firewall.
#8 Close all ports:
USB thumb/pen drives is another common way by which viruses spread rapidly. So it is always a good habit to perform a virus scan before copying any data onto your computer if you want to protect your computer from being hacked. NEVER double-click the pen drive to open it if you want to secure pc from hackers. Instead right-click on it and select the option “open”. This is a safe way to open a pen drive.
Hackers use port scanning (Ubuntu Linux has all ports closed by default).Do not use disks that other people gave you, even from work. The disk could be infected with a virus. Of course, you can run a virus scan on it first to check it out.To disable your Computer/Laptop ports follow this guide.
#9 Beware of Email Spam:
#10 Internet Surfing